Shoveling snow and cold weather put extra strain on your heart. Recognize and react to the five major signs and symptoms of a heart attack.
The five major symptoms of a heart attack are
- Pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck, or back.
- Feeling weak, light-headed, or faint.
- Chest pain or discomfort.
- Pain or discomfort in arms or shoulder.
- Shortness of breath.
Other symptoms of a heart attack could include unusual or unexplained tiredness and nausea or vomiting. Women are more likely to have these other symptoms. Learn more about women and heart disease(https://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_women_heart.htm).
If you notice the symptoms of a heart attack in yourself or someone else, call 9-1-1 immediately. The sooner you get to an emergency room, the sooner you can receive treatment to prevent total blockage and heart muscle damage or reduce the amount of damage. At the hospital, health care professionals can run tests to determine whether a heart attack is occurring and decide the best treatment.
In some cases, a heart attack requires cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or electrical shock (defibrillation). Bystanders trained to use CPR or a defibrillator may be able to help until emergency medical personnel arrive.
Remember, the chances of surviving a heart attack are greater the sooner emergency treatment begins.
Staying out in the cold too long can cause serious health problems. Hypothermia and frostbite are the most common cold related health problems.
Hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature, is a dangerous condition that can occur when a person is exposed to extremely cold temperatures. Body temperature that is too low affects the brain, making the victim unable to think clearly or move well.
Stay safe this winter by learning more about Hypothermia(https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/winter/staysafe/hypothermia.html), including who is most at risk, signs and symptoms, and what to do if someone develops hypothermia.
Frostbite is a bodily injury caused by freezing that results in loss of feeling and color in affected areas. Frostbite can permanently damage the body, and severe cases can lead to amputation.
Stay safe this winter by learning more about Frostbite(https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/winter/staysafe/frostbite.html), including who is most at risk, signs and symptoms, and what to do if someone develops frostbite.